Athabasca Oil Sands, Alberta, Canada
Athabasca Oil Sands, Alberta, Canada

One of the world’s largest reserves of oil sits under the boreal forest of northwestern Alberta, Canada. The deposit covers about 142,200 square kilom...

Bakken Oil Boom, North Dakota, USA
Bakken Oil Boom, North Dakota, USA

Even though oil is underground, Landsat images can reveal related land changes on the surface. The Bakken oil boom has made North Dakota the second le...

Chuquicamata Mine, Chile
Chuquicamata Mine, Chile

The Atacama Desert of northern Chile has minimal vegetation. But it has ample mineral wealth: large amounts of copper, gold, silver, and other industr...

Diamond Mines, Northwest Territories, Canada
Diamond Mines, Northwest Territories, Canada

The frozen tundra of northern Canada might not be the first place you’d look for a diamond mine. Diamonds are created under intense heat and pressure,...

Escondida Mine, Chile
Escondida Mine, Chile

Isolated in Chile’s northern Atacama Desert, the open-pit Escondida Mine is the world’s largest source of copper. Escondida means “hidden” in Spanish,...

Kalgoorlie, Western Australia
Kalgoorlie, Western Australia

In a remote part of the Western Australia outback lies one of the world’s largest holes in the ground. Known as the Super Pit, the Fimiston Open Pit i...

Mesabi Range, Minnesota, USA
Mesabi Range, Minnesota, USA

The boom times of iron ore mining in northern Minnesota are long gone, but mining operations continue and are even expanding, as seen in these Landsat...

Mountaintop Mining, West Virginia, USA
Mountaintop Mining, West Virginia, USA

Mountaintop coal mining is a major cause of land cover changes in the central Appalachian Mountains of the eastern United States. The landscape distur...

Muskingum Mines, Ohio, USA
Muskingum Mines, Ohio, USA

These images show shifting strip mines in eastern Ohio, from 1973 to 2013. In these images, the mines appear as pink or maroon against the bright gree...

Powder River Basin, Wyoming, USA
Powder River Basin, Wyoming, USA

Every day, 100 empty trains enter Wyoming. They leave fully loaded with coal. The United States has the largest coal reserves in the world, and much o...

Salar de Atacama, Chile
Salar de Atacama, Chile

If you like being connected to the world everywhere you go with a smartphone or other device, then you have a desolate salt flat in northern Chile to ...

The Everglades and Miami, Florida, USA
The Everglades and Miami, Florida, USA

Referred to as the “River of Grass,” the Florida Everglades is one of the world’s largest wetlands. However, they were once much larger. Throughout th...

Yanacocha Mine, Peru
Yanacocha Mine, Peru

The expanding Yanacocha Mine dominates the land change seen in this series of images. Operated by the Newmont Mining Corporation in Greenwood Village,...