Aral Sea, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan
Aral Sea, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan

We see a lot of change with the 40+ years of Landsat imagery, along with the historical aerial imagery in the archives at EROS. The drying of the Aral...

Bear Glacier, Alaska, USA
Bear Glacier, Alaska, USA

Satellite images of Earth help us observe locations that can be difficult to reach in person. Glaciers are sensitive to changes in regional and global...

Black Rock Playa, Nevada, USA
Black Rock Playa, Nevada, USA

In a desolate corner of Nevada, a playa surrounded by rugged mountains and described as dry, dusty, desolate, and devoid of vegetation comes to life t...

Breiðamerkurjökull Glacier, Iceland
Breiðamerkurjökull Glacier, Iceland

The Breiðamerkurjökull glacier tongue, one of the largest in Iceland, flows from Vatnajökull, Iceland’s largest glacier. According to descriptions in ...

Cape Cod, Massachusetts, USA
Cape Cod, Massachusetts, USA

Along some coastlines, long, narrow islands stand guard. These barrier islands are attractive to tourists, but they also protect the mainland coast fr...

Columbia Glacier, Alaska, USA
Columbia Glacier, Alaska, USA

Some landscape changes around the world happen at glacial pace—very slowly—and have not been captured in the satellite era. However, glacial pace woul...

Dead Sea, Israel, Jordan, West Bank
Dead Sea, Israel, Jordan, West Bank

The water surface level of the Dead Sea is the lowest natural land or water surface on Earth at more than 400 meters below sea level. That level conti...

Devils Lake, North Dakota, USA
Devils Lake, North Dakota, USA

Devils Lake in northeastern North Dakota is a closed basin lake. Located at the lowest point within its basin, Devils Lake has no outlet. The result i...

Diamond Mines, Northwest Territories, Canada
Diamond Mines, Northwest Territories, Canada

The frozen tundra of northern Canada might not be the first place you’d look for a diamond mine. Diamonds are created under intense heat and pressure,...

Filchner Ice Shelf, Antarctica
Filchner Ice Shelf, Antarctica

These images show the Filchner Ice Shelf on the coast of Antarctica that faces the Atlantic Ocean. In the austral winter of 1986, the front edge of th...

Garden City, Kansas, USA
Garden City, Kansas, USA

These Landsat images feature the significant growth in the use of center-pivot irrigation—essentially enormous sprinkler systems—in Kansas between 197...

Gibe III Dam, Ethiopia
Gibe III Dam, Ethiopia

The great thing about hydropower is that it’s a renewable nonpolluting source of power. Once it’s up and running, operation costs are relatively low, ...

Great Salt Lake, Utah, USA
Great Salt Lake, Utah, USA

These images show the dramatic effects of the Great Salt Lake's high water levels in the 1980s. These effects included a great increase in the lake’s ...

Gulf of Fonseca, Honduras and Nicaragua
Gulf of Fonseca, Honduras and Nicaragua

Honduras is one of Latin America’s top producers of cultured shrimp. Since the 1980s, vast areas of land have been converted to shrimp farms around th...

Huang He Delta, China
Huang He Delta, China

The Huang He River in China is a wanderer. Its lower reaches have changed course many times, moving the delta up and down the coast several hundred ki...

Hubbard Glacier, Alaska, USA
Hubbard Glacier, Alaska, USA

Unlike many glaciers in Alaska and around the world, Hubbard Glacier is thickening and advancing. Hubbard Glacier has a large accumulation area, like ...

Hurricane Katrina, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
Hurricane Katrina, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA

Hurricane Katrina was one of the most intense and costliest hurricanes to hit the United States. On August 28, 2005, Katrina was a category 5 storm (o...

Iguazú, South America
Iguazú, South America

On the border between Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina are some curious land use features. Paraguay lies west of the Paraná River, which runs north to ...

IJsselmeer, Netherlands
IJsselmeer, Netherlands

For centuries, people living in what is now the Netherlands have used various strategies to control the water levels in this low-lying country. The al...

Illinois/Indiana, USA
Illinois/Indiana, USA

These three Landsat 5 images show several rivers in southern Illinois and Indiana, USA, during normal and flooded conditions. Peak flooding was observ...

Imperial Valley, California, USA
Imperial Valley, California, USA

These images show the Imperial Valley, on the border of California and Mexico. The international border is plain in the images because of the differen...

Inland Delta of the Niger River, Mali
Inland Delta of the Niger River, Mali

On the edge of the Sahara Desert lies one of the world’s most productive wetlands. The Inland Delta of the Niger River in Mali is a vast expanse of la...

Isahaya Bay, Japan
Isahaya Bay, Japan

This series of images of southwestern Japan shows how one change can have far-reaching consequences. The Ariake Sea is an important fishery and resour...

Isle de Jean Charles, Louisiana, USA
Isle de Jean Charles, Louisiana, USA

Is Louisiana falling into the sea, or is the sea inundating Louisiana? It’s actually a bit of both. And to the inhabitants of a tiny island on the bay...

Kara-Bogaz-Gol, Turkmenistan
Kara-Bogaz-Gol, Turkmenistan

The Kara-Bogaz-Gol (KBG) is a large, shallow lagoon of the Caspian Sea. It normally covers about 18,000 square kilometers and is just a few meters dee...

Lake Chad, West Africa
Lake Chad, West Africa

Lake Chad was once the sixth largest lake in the world, but prolonged drought and increased water use have shrunk the lake dramatically. It now spans ...

Lake Hamoun, Iran and Afghanistan
Lake Hamoun, Iran and Afghanistan

The Sistan Basin lies on the Iran-Afghanistan border. Melted snow from the Hindu Kush Mountains of Afghanistan nourishes this dry basin. The Helmand R...

Lake Naivasha, Kenya
Lake Naivasha, Kenya

How do those in northern winter climates get roses to their loved ones in February for Valentine’s Day? The answer is to import them from warmer clima...

Lake Powell, Utah and Arizona, USA
Lake Powell, Utah and Arizona, USA

Glen Canyon Dam on the Colorado River was completed in 1963. It created Lake Powell, which ebbs and flows depending on upstream precipitation. Lately,...

Lake Thompson, South Dakota, USA
Lake Thompson, South Dakota, USA

Many lakes in eastern South Dakota have expanded during the Landsat record that began in 1972. Lake Thompson is one that has displayed remarkable chan...

Lake Turkana, Kenya and Ethiopia
Lake Turkana, Kenya and Ethiopia

Lake Turkana, formerly Lake Rudolf, lies in the Rift Valley of East Africa. It is about 250 km long and 15–30 km wide, with an average depth of about ...

Lake Urmia, Iran
Lake Urmia, Iran

Lake Urmia in Iran is another closed basin lake that has been shrinking. Continuous declines in water flowing into the lake have caused a general decl...

Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA

Las Vegas, Nevada, is one of the fastest growing metropolitan areas in the United States. Las Vegas grew from a population of 1,375,765 in 2000 to 1,9...

Lesotho
Lesotho

South Africa needed water. Lesotho needed electricity. One huge project aims to solve both problems. Lesotho is a small mountainous country completely...

Mamoré River, Bolivia
Mamoré River, Bolivia

In the Amazon basin, some rivers run wild. With no dams or levees to control them, they are free to meander—some more than others. For example, the Ri...

Nile River Delta, Egypt
Nile River Delta, Egypt

These images show the dramatic urban growth within the Nile River Delta and the expansion of agriculture into adjoining desert areas. The Nile is the ...

Petermann Glacier, Greenland
Petermann Glacier, Greenland

Petermann Glacier made headline news in 2010 and again in 2012 when large pieces broke off the end of the glacier and floated out to sea. Located on t...

Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Phnom Penh, Cambodia

From 1975 to 1978, Cambodia was ruled by the Khmer Rouge regime, which sought among other things to build a vast system of irrigation canals. These im...

Phoenix, Arizona, USA
Phoenix, Arizona, USA

Phoenix, Arizona, and its suburbs are growing rapidly, both in population and area. Landsat images show striking changes in the Phoenix metropolitan a...

Saloum River, Senegal
Saloum River, Senegal

The estuaries of the Saloum River, near the coast in Senegal, are surrounded by mangrove forest. These images show the forests dying between 1972 and ...

Selkirk Island, Chile
Selkirk Island, Chile

In September 1999, engineers at EROS were reviewing Landsat 7 sensor output. An image grabbed their attention. Over Selkirk Island, about 500 miles of...

The Everglades and Miami, Florida, USA
The Everglades and Miami, Florida, USA

Referred to as the “River of Grass,” the Florida Everglades is one of the world’s largest wetlands. However, they were once much larger. Throughout th...

Three Gorges Dam, China
Three Gorges Dam, China

The Three Gorges Dam in the Hubei province of China is a huge but highly criticized project. It’s difficult to deny the value of hydropower as an alte...

Toshka Project, Egypt
Toshka Project, Egypt

In southern Egypt, the sandy desert turned, temporarily at least, into a lakes region. Beginning in 1998, lakes quickly appeared and almost as quickly...

Wadi As-Sirhan Basin, Saudi Arabia
Wadi As-Sirhan Basin, Saudi Arabia

Oil and water don’t mix. But in the desert of Saudi Arabia, they do have something in common. They are both nonrenewable resources. Almost no agricult...