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On the border between Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina are some curious land use features. Paraguay lies west of the Paraná River, which runs north to south down the middle of the images. The Iguazú River flows toward the west and into the Paraná River. North of the Iguazú River is Brazil, and Argentina is to its south.

At this location, we can see the effects of deforestation of the rain forest, one of the largest dams in the world, a spectacular set of waterfalls, and a sharp contrast between protected land and intense development.

Imagery

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Feb. 23, 1973, Landsat 1 (path/row 240/78) — Iguazú, South America
Dec. 4, 1988, Landsat 5 (path/row 224/78) — Iguazú, South America
Jan. 17, 2002, Landsat 7 (path/row 224/78) — Iguazú, South America
Nov. 2, 2011, Landsat 5 (path/row 224/78) — Iguazú, South America
Nov. 7, 2013, Landsat 8 (path/row 224/78) — Iguazú, South America
Oct. 30, 2016, Landsat 8 (path/row 224/78) — Iguazú, South America
Sept. 23, 2020, Landsat 8 (path/row 224/78) — Iguazú, South America
Sept. 23, 2020, Landsat 8 (path/row 224/78) — Iguazú, South America

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References (Earthshot Overview/Parent Only)

Izquierdo, A.E., De Angelo, C.D., and Aide, T.M., 2008, Thirty years of human demography and land-use change in the Atlantic Forest of Misiones, Argentina—an evaluation of the forest transition model. Ecology and Society, v. 13, no. 2, available only online at http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol13/iss2/art3. (Accessed March 4, 2013.)

Kable, 2017, Itaipu Hydroelectric Dam, Brazil: power-technology.com, accessed April 4, 2017, at http://www.power-technology.com/projects/itaipu-hydroelectric.

NASA, 2003, Iguaçu Falls and Itapú Reservoir: NASA Earth Observatory, available at http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/IOTD/view.php?id=4060. (Accessed March 5, 2013.)

New 7 Wonders of Nature, 2013, Iguazu Falls: New 7 Wonders of Nature Web site at http://nature.new7wonders.com/archives/wonder/iguaza-falls. (Accessed February 28, 2013.)

New 7 Wonders of Nature, 2013, Iguazu Falls—Argentina/Brazil: New 7 Wonders of Nature Web site at http://world.new7wonders.com/the-new7wonders-of-nature/iguazu-falls-argentina-and-brazil/. (Accessed February 28, 2013.)

UNEP-WCMC, 2008, Iguazú National Park, Argentina, in Cleveland, C.J., ed., Encyclopedia of Earth: Washington, DC: Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment, available online at https://editors.eol.org/eoearth/wiki/Iguaz%C3%BA_National_Park,_Argentina. (Accessed March 5, 2013.)

UNEP-WCMC, 2008, Iguacu National Park, Brazil, in Cleveland, C.J., ed., Encyclopedia of Earth: Washington, DC: Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment, available online at https://editors.eol.org/eoearth/wiki/Iguacu_National_Park,_Brazil. (Accessed March 5, 2013.)

UNEP, 2004, Analyzing environmental trends using satellite data—Selected cases: Nairobi, Kenya, United Nations Environment Programme, available online at https://na.unep.net/atlas/datlas/sites/default/files/Analyzing_Environment.pdf. (Accessed March 5, 2013.)

UNEP, 2003, Selected satellite images of our changing environment: Nairobi, Kenya, United Nations Environment Programme, available online at https://na.unep.net/siouxfalls/publications/selected/Selected.pdf. (Accessed March 5, 2013.)

United Nations, 2016, 2015 Demographic Yearbook: New York, United Nations, p. 303. (Accessed April 4, 2017, at https://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dyb2.htm.)

U.S./Japan ASTER Science Team, 2003, Iguazu Falls: Jet Propulsion Laboratory ASTER, available online at http://asterweb.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery-detail.asp?name=Iguazu. (Accessed March 5, 2013.)

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