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Bahrain’s capital is Manama, a city with an estimated population of 1,480,000 in 2017, up 1,567% from 88,785 in 1971. Expansion into the desert and onto artificial islands is evident in this series of Landsat images.

The amount of vegetation (green) clearly increases in the past few decades. The added vegetation is mostly agricultural or in heavily landscaped areas. Near the bottom of the image, the addition of a golf course is seen in 2001, which is expanded by 2015. To the left of that is a road that has been lined with vegetation by 2015.

The Bahrain International Airport, with its 3,418-meter runway, is prominent in the upper right corner of the image. Other notable industry in Manama is the addition and expansion of the Arab Shipbuilding and Repair Yard, which has 15 ship repair berths, and Khalifa bin Salman Port, which opened in 2009 as a major regional distribution center. Both the shipyard and port are on reclaimed land east of Manama.

Imagery

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Sep. 3, 1972, Landsat 1 (path/row 175/42) — Manama, Bahrain
Aug. 1, 1987, Landsat 5 (path/row 163/42) — Manama, Bahrain
Nov. 2, 1992, Landsat 5 (path/row 163/42) — Manama, Bahrain
Aug. 15, 2001, Landsat 7 (path/row 163/42) — Manama, Bahrain
Mar. 14, 2003, Landsat 7 (path/row 163/42) — Manama, Bahrain
Sep. 15, 2015, Landsat 8 (path/row 163/42) — Manama, Bahrain
Sep. 10, 2019, Landsat 8 (path/row 163/42) — Manama, Bahrain
Sep. 15, 2021, Landsat 8 (path/row 163/42) — Manama, Bahrain

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