Benin, formerly known as Dahomey, is characterized by a great diversity of landscapes and ecosystems. Indeed, the Pendjari National Park and the W Regional Park, located in northern Benin, are two of the most protected and biodiverse semiarid grassland ecosystems in West Africa. The mountainous region of the northwest constitutes the water reservoir for the Republics of Benin and Niger. In contrast, the central part of the country forms a large complex of plateaus covered by a mosaic of savannas, gallery forests, woodland, and cropland. Agriculture is a major part of Benin’s economy, and Benin is one of Africa’s largest cotton producers. In the south, the landscape is very distinct with immense palm groves scattered across the fertile plateau of the Terre de Barre. The coastal region is characterized by lagoons and marshes formed by the three main rivers of the country flowing into the coastal sandy barriers. The largest lagoon, Nokoué Lake, separates Benin’s two largest cities, Cotonou and Porto-Novo. More than half of the population is concentrated in the south on only one-tenth of the country’s land (BBC, 2015). As the birthplace of voodoo and home to 42 distinct ethnic groups, Benin is steeped in a rich cultural diversity and a complex history.