Liberia, the “Land of the Free”, was established as a homeland for freed African-American slaves in the 19th century and was the first African country to gain independence. The coastal country is characterized by humid, tropical climate with mean rainfall ranging from 2,000 mm farthest inland to over 5,000 mm at the coast. Liberia contains the largest part (50 percent) of the remaining Upper Guinean rain forest in West Africa, which is an important hotspot of global biodiversity. Liberia’s forests contain approximately 225 timber species and are home to a rich diversity of mammals, birds, reptiles and insects (CIFOR, 2005). According to recent assessments (FAO, 2014), less than 5 percent of Liberia’s forests are considered primary forests (no clearly visible indications of human activity); the vast majority are regenerated forests (native species, but with indication of human activity). While Liberia’s forests are recognized as a top conservation priority in the entire region, there are currently only two actively protected areas — Sapo National Park and the East Nimba Nature Reserve — and eight forest reserves. This conservation goal, however, competes with extractive economic activities, such as mining and logging, which account for large portions of Liberia’s export income.