With elevations that range from sea level to 885 m on Mount Afadjato, Ghana’s physical terrain is composed primarily of low plains, punctuated with several uplands and a major plateau in the south-central part of the country. Ghana is home to Lake Volta, the world’s largest artificial lake by area (8,482 sq km). In the north, the three Sudan Savanna ecoregions (WSS, CSS, and ESS) characterize the relatively dry northern climate with its single rainy season, open tree savannas, and scattered rainfed croplands. Moving south, the Closed Guinea Savanna (CGS) has extensive wooded savannas characteristic of the Guinean Region. In the adjacent Open Guinea Savanna (OGS) ecoregion, farmlands are expanding rapidly into the wooded savannas. In central Ghana, the Main, Eastern, and Central Transitional Zones (MTZ, CTZ, and ETZ) share common elements of a transitional climate with two rainy seasons and transitional forest-savanna vegetation. To the southeast, the Akwapim Togo Mountains (ATM) make up Ghana’s highland ecoregion. It derives its main character from the rugged mountain chain and lush forested vegetation cover. This region still harbors much wildlife and offers great potential for ecotourism. The Deciduous Forest (DF) ecoregion in the southwest is Ghana’s largest ecoregion, with deciduous tropical forests scattered among a number of biological reserves. In the south, the Tropical Forest Zone (TFZ) is Ghana’s wettest ecoregion, with remnants of its biologically diverse evergreen rain forest. Finally, the Coastal Savanna (CS) ecoregion is highly distinguished by its relatively low rainfall in two seasons, high population density, grassland savanna vegetation, and coastal geomorphology that includes tidal flats and lagoons.