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These images show the dramatic urban growth within the Nile River Delta and the expansion of agriculture into adjoining desert areas. The Nile is the world's longest river at 4,160 miles. It flows south to north, bringing fresh, nutrient-rich water to Egypt.

In these images, red indicates vegetation. The contrast is clear between the lush vegetation of irrigated fields and the white or tan barren desert.

Imagery

Every picture has a story to tell
Aug. 31, 1972, Landsat 1 (path/row 190/39) — Nile River Delta, Egypt
July 25 and Aug. 3, 1984, Landsat 5 (path/row 176,177/39) — Nile River Delta, Egypt
July 8 and 17, 1995, Landsat 5 (path/row 176,177/39) — Nile River Delta, Egypt
July 23 and 30, 2003, Landsat 5 (path/row 176,177/39) — Nile River Delta, Egypt
Aug. 3 and 10, 2013, Landsat 8 (path/row 176,177/39) — Nile River Delta, Egypt
July 26 and Aug. 4, 2019, Landsat 8 (path/row 176,177/39) — Nile River Delta, Egypt
Aug. 3 and 4, 2022, Landsat 8 and 9, (path/row 176,177/39) — Nile River Delta, Egypt
Aug. 6 and 7, 2023, Landsat 8 and 9, (path/row 176,177/39) — Nile River Delta, Egypt

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References

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Mourad, M. and Lewis, A., 2021, From creaking Cairo, Egypt plans high-tech leap with new capital: Reuters, accessed October 4, 2021, at https://www.reuters.com/world/middle-east/creaking-cairo-egypt-plans-high-tech-leap-with-new-capital-2021-09-02.

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Voiland, A., 2020, New Ground for an Ancient City: NASA Earth Observatory, accessed October 4, 2021, at https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/146521/new-ground-for-an-ancient-city.

World Almanac Books, 2012, The World Almanac Book of Facts: New York, World Almanac Books.

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