The USGS National Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) Project Office, the USGS Cascades Volcano Center, and Department of the Interior (DOI) Office of Aviation Services (OAS) trained personnel and equipment were deployed on May 17, 2018, to support the remote sensing data acquisition needed for monitoring eruptions of the Kilauea volcano in Hawaii.
There are 88 NPS park units designated as Ocean and Coastal Parks that encompass 11,000 shoreline miles and 2.5 million acres of ocean and Great Lakes waters. Due to the large and complex nature of these park units, managing natural and cultural resources can be difficult. Benthic (meaning ocean floor or lake bottom) habitat maps are a spatially explicit way to identify submerged features.
The substantial damage that Hurricane Sandy inflicted on coastal communities and surrounding wetlands resulted primarily from an associated storm surge of record extent and impact. In the hardest hit area, Federal lands, national parks, and wildlife refuges are interspersed with a dense urban landscape where the impact to estuaries, wetlands, and coastal forests is more diffuse and difficult to quantify spatially without the aid of aerial photographic and satellite imagery. Access points to these land units and natural resources adjoining roads showed wide-area tree mortality and downed
Coastal marine fog is an important meteorological phenomenon impacting some of the most populous cities and biodiverse regions of the world. Fog is an important resource along the western coasts of the continents, especially in North America (including California), South America from Ecuador to Chile, and Africa from the Canary Islands to South Africa. Satellite remote sensing data can capture the incursion of this marine layer.
Hawaiian Islands National Wildlife Refuge
After a major disaster, a satellite image or a collection of aerial photography is frequently the fastest, most effective way to determine the scope and severity of the event. With that goal, the USGS operates the Hazards Data Distribution System (HDDS) to process and deliver satellite and aerial imagery in near-real time during natural or human-caused disasters (e.g., hurricanes or oil spills). For example, after Hurricane Katrina struck New Orleans, Louisiana, in 2005, Landsat images showed when and where the floodwaters drained.