LANDFIRE Fire Fuels Mapping

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The USGS uses remote-sensing to map wildland fuels in the United States. USGS leads the Landscape Fire and Resource Management Planning Tools (LANDFIRE) which provides consistent and comprehensive maps and data describing vegetation, wildland fuel, and fire regimes across the United States. The LANDFIRE geospatial data are derived from Landsat satellite data and ecological models which provide layers of vegetation composition and structure, surface and canopy fuel characteristics, and historical fire regimes. Using Landsat, the LANDFIRE Program updates the geospatial information to incorporate major landscape changes such as wildfire, insect and disease and other management activities that alter the vegetation and fuels characteristics. The USGS is also investigating the use of LiDAR to better characterize forest vegetation structure to improve fire behavior models.